It’s important to note that the types of plants called deadnettle aren’t stinging nettles. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. If you would like to treat any condition with herbs, seek professional advice with a herbalist and your doctor. As the seeds are effortlessly surviving every form of production you can leave blooming or withered stinging nettles out of your consideration. Discover 10 uses for nettles Before puttingt them in the garden, harden them off for a week. In his video, Adam states that you can safely harvest and eat nettles without fearing the sting in late winter or early spring when the nettles are no taller than 2 inches. Remember that nettles provide an important source of food and a home to lots of wildlife, so please check your plants for caterpillars and eggs before gathering, and leave plenty of plants for them too. Unlike deadnettles (Lamium), stinging nettles (Urtica) have stinging hairs that make them quickly apparent to the gardener when weeding. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is found throughout Eurasia, North America, and northern Africa, and has been introduced to parts of South America. Plants bear only male or female flowers that are usually wind pollinated. It has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow, as are the roots. They prefer areas with moist, rich soils such as riparian areas and moist woodlands. Nettles are generally weedy plants, but the term "dead" refers to the fact that these perennials do not cause pain in the manner usually reserved for the stinging nettles … Community Answer. The perennial stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial, herbaceous plant with creeping roots. Nettles are a magnet for beneficial wildlife, they can be made into great plant food and are a surprisingly versatile ingredient in the kitchen. If both varieties thrive in the catchment area, the smaller plant will be pushed into th… Add New Question. Common nettle flowers from May to September. The root and above ground parts are used as medicine. Like comfrey, nettles make perfect liquid plant food. It is hardy in zones 3 to 8. Lay the nettles out on a tray to wilt or wash them in hot water. A very hearty plant, this herb will do well in a variety of climates and conditions. The nitrogen-rich foliage really helps to heat up a compost pile! As a rule the stem attains a height of 2 to 3 feet. Dead nettle is one of those plants that almost has everything going for it, until it doesn’t. Two or three treatments may be needed, Ensure you follow the directions on the packaging of weedkillers. Wash the nettles. Nettle seeds in cases from the female plant - looking like bishops mitres. Chemicals: using safely and effectively Dead nettles come in 2 flower colour varieties, white (Lamium album), red or purple (Lamium purpureum). Nevertheless, stinging nettle is a host plant for a number of butterfly and moth species. Stinging nettle is a plant that demands respect and I honor it. The ideal time for the harvest lies between May and July, as long as the plants are not yet blooming. Perennial nettles (Urtica dioica) and the annual nettle (Urtica urens) are usually considered to be weeds, although if you have the space to leave some, they can be an excellent source of food and habitat for butterflies such as the red admiral, peacock and small tortoiseshell. On another side note, the common nettle also has a sub species called 'fen' or 'stingless nettle' ( Urtica dioica subsp. Harvesting tips for the less daring. Overview. This is best seen in sunlight to see the powdery pollen drifting by. The Roman nettle (U. pilulifera) is very rare - it hasn't been spotted recently by the BSBI and I have personally seen only once on a rubbish dump in Kew Gardens, but it was said to have been introduced to the UK  by the Romans to keep warm in the winter using urtication (beating themselves with the stings to increase circulation). I am not a chemist. For more in-depth information (e.g. We have a large nettle patch near our horse yard. Stinging nettles are an herbaceous, fast growing plant with leaves as well as stems, which are covered with tiny, hollow silica tipped hairs and can grow to about 4 feet (1 m.) tall. When a forest is disturbed by fire the first plants that grow in the burnt, broken underbrush are nettles. Plant taxonomy: Stinging nettle is a member of the genus, Urtica, a broadleaf, perennial plant. Here is a paper on the occurrence. Leaves are pointed at the tips, with a heart-shaped base and indented veins. Where to find. Horse salesmen used to give nettle seeds to horses for a few weeks before sale as it would give them glossy hair and a youthful, energetic manner, so there must be something to learn from them. However, you can dry them for up to a year or keep them for a short time in an airtight container in the freezer (up to 3 months). Urtica dioica from Thomé, Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885. Fluffy, frosty anenome-like female flowers catch pollen out of the air. Check the terminal (top) bud for signs of an inhabitant before harvesting. Leaves are about 2-5 inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the upper half of the stalk. 7 Nettles as aphid trap. A full sized stinging nettle plant may be 3-10 feet (0.9-3 m.) tall, on occasion even reaching up to 20 feet (6 m.) in height. My understanding is that oxalates combined with calcium to make kidney stones and the like. Question. How to prepare nettles to eat? Roman Nettle (Urtica pilulifera) ball-like flower clusters. Nettle (or stinging nettle) is a plant also known as Bichu, Feuille d'Ortie, Graine d'Ortie, Grande Ortie, Ortie, Ortiga, Urtica, and other names. However, no need to ignore nettles completely once the leaves are over -  the seeds are edible and medicinal. The plant can also be used as a medicinal herb crafted to provide natural energy boosts, or used in the treatment of arthritis and other afflictions. It has very specific looking balls of flowers/seeds (see picture), so I thought it worth mentioning. Weigh the nettles down with bricks, and submerge with water (store away from the house, to avoid the smell). Cover the seeds with 1/4 inch of soil, and be sure to keep the soil wet. Chemical . That’s where I drew the line after feeling a few stings here and there as I gathered from progressively taller plants. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). These clusters will soon go to seed and become slightly brown. It can grow in full sun to partial shade and will tolerate soil with a wide pH range, anywhere from 5.0 to 8.0. Its preference for damp, fertile and disturbed ground makes it a good coloniser of places enriched by human activities, such as agriculture and development. Christina Stapely, a historical herbalist finds making an ointment with the seeds gives a mild warming sensation that is more 'convenient' for those who may want to try urtication therapy (stinging affected joints with nettle leaves)for reducing the symptoms of osteoarthritis. So then, what about the stinging nettle after it begins to flower is responsible for urinary tract problems? which one will give you more nutrition? This makes it a great addition to the compost heap. The unflowered top growth of nettles can be added to the compost heap but roots should be burned or binned. Advertisement. (This is where the sting comes from!) Common nettle also requires long days to stimulate flowering. Like most edible plants, the best way to eat nettle is to consume it shortly after being harvested. It can be used as a super-nutritious food, as an herbal remedy (awesome for those suffering seasonal allergies) as a beauty aid, and even to help your garden! Stinging nettle should not be confused with "white dead nettle" (Lamium album). Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) are one of more than 50 varieties of nettle plants worldwide. The plant grows to 3 feet (91 cm) tall, is perennial , and spreads by both seeds and underground rhizome . These will not produce the edible seeds, only the pollen. No need to register, buy now! Don't confuse nettles with dead nettles: They may have a similar leaf, but don't be fooled, they are in a totally different family - the mints (Lamiaceae). Stinging nettle is an herbaceous plant and often grows to about 2 metres (6.5 feet) in height. Don't pick Stinging Nettles when in Flower. The common nettle, as described before, is the one most likely found around the hedgerows followed by the dwarf nettle. It is a list of products currently available to the home gardener. The plant will have small “hairs” up the stalk and stems. Digging up the plants can be done at any time of year. Forage, grow, make: herbal recipes & remedies, ← Three wild, edible mushrooms out in autumn, The heart healer: Hawthorn identification →. Dioica means "two houses;" the nettle has all male or all female flowers rather than a mixture. 222879/SC038262, It is important to prevent stinging nettles, especially the annual nettles, seeding by cutting down plants in mid-summer, or earlier, In light soils, or where there are isolated clumps, digging out will be effective, Remove as many of the creeping stems as possible as any piece with a node is capable of producing a new plant, Digging up the plants can be done at any time of year, Young seedlings can be destroyed by hoeing, Perennial nettles are unlikely to be a persistent problem in regularly cultivated areas, except perhaps where there is a residue of seeds in the soil, or the area is adjacent to neglected land. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, native to the southeastern United States that has spread widely throughout much of temperate North America. Like its perennial realtives, it relishes fertile soils rich in organic matter and is a serious weed in vegetable gardens. On this species you'll find the males at the top of the stem, with fat clusters of female seeds below. Pick only the tenderest, youngest leaves. As members of the mint family, these plants have square stems, toothy-edged leaves, and a spreading habit (read: they can go crazy). https://moremoth.blogspot.com/2014/12/some-winter-flowering-nettles.html It can be identified by its whorls of pink-purple flowers clustered amongst leaves towards the top of the plant. The best time to apply weedkillers to nettles is when they are in vigorous growth, but have not yet flowered. Nettles are best when very tender, so pick them in the spring when the nettles are just coming up or later in the season when they’re growing well, but before they are flowering. They can be a bit tricky to get at but very worth it. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Nettles make perfect plant feed. Studies suggest that it may reduce inflammation, hay fever symptoms, blood pressure and blood sugar levels — … Luckily, this is easy to do; just wear long pants, long sleeves, solid shoes and gloves when foraging for stinging nettle! They probably evolved this form of batesian mimicry as a defence against predators. It has white flowers and is abundant throughout the Southern United States. Flowering is inhibited by drought and shade. Once wilted they can no longer sting you. It has been used as an herbal remedy for thousands of years. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The dwarf nettle has much smaller, darker leaves arranged in a distinct compact stepping way (see picture). Part means 'burning ' so they are encased in what looks like green bishops hats mitres! 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