favorite this post Dec 3 1998 Ford E350 Box truck $4,000 (rea > Reading) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. See good deals, great deals and more on Used Cars in Easton, PA. Search from 789 Used cars for sale, including a 1994 Toyota Corolla, a 1995 Jeep Cherokee 4WD Country 4-Door, and a 1998 Cadillac Seville STS w/ Heated Seats Pkg ranging in price from $700 to $5,000. The interviewer also recorded medications, both prescribed and nonprescribed, and users of antihypertension medications were subsequently identified (27). Although varying criteria for respiratory events yield highly correlated AHI scales, the magnitude of the index does vary substantially across various AHI definitions (45). Finally, despite our attempts to adjust for confounders, it is possible that residual confounding by one or more of the modeled covariates, or by an unknown variable, accounts for the remaining association after multivariable adjustment. Bio: I'll watch anything once, and almost nothing twice. kmeaston uses Letterboxd to share film reviews and lists. A strong association was reported in one study of myocardial infarction patients (13), with adjusted relative odds of 23.3 for the upper quartile of the apnea index (> 5.3) versus the lowest quartile (< 0.4). As expected, the proportion of women declined from quartile I to IV, whereas mean body mass index increased. In: Saunders NA, Sullivan CE, editors. !! Sleep apnea and mortality in an aged cohort. Univariate associations of the AHI and the hypoxemia index with prevalent CVD are shown in Table 2 along with estimates from selected single covariate-adjusted models. April 8 Player Jed Morris, Jr. Central apneas accounted for a small proportion of respiratory events in the Sleep Heart Health Study cohort and the associations between the AHI and stroke or between the AHI and heart failure were not attenuated at all after excluding 533 participants with a central apnea index ⩾ 1. We refer to this model as the “full model.” To test the robustness of the results against another method of covariate selection, we used a forward selection procedure to identify a parsimonious model of the covariates, into which we subsequently forced each sleep variable. https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.163.1.2001008, Use of antihypertension medications, % using. The sleep studies from each field center were shipped to a central reading center where they were reviewed and scored. April 12 Player Ken Harvey, Jr. GT Bicycles designs and manufactures BMX, mountain, and road bicycles. April 22 Player Michael Pritchard, Jr. Nebraska Cornhuskers academic honors and awards, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nebraska_Cornhuskers_baseball_honors_and_awards&oldid=590724787, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Collegiate Baseball, U.S. This app includes a database of bow specs, calculators, archery knot tutorials, installation and tuning tutorials, arrow building tutorials and more. March 26 Pitcher Tony Watson, Jr. We examined the cross-sectional association between sleep- disordered breathing and self-reported CVD in 6,424 free-living individuals who underwent overnight, unattended polysomnography at home. Therefore, one should be careful when extrapolating cutoff-dependent findings from this study to other settings. During the late 1990s and early 2000s, Easton expanded in a number of directions. Fig. *1998 CHEVY CORVETTE CONVERTIBLE*!! Left ventricular hypertrophy independent of hypertension in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. The concentration of HDL cholesterol was inversely related to the AHI, in part because of the known relation between HDL cholesterol and sex. March 22 Player Adam Bailey, Sr. Cardiac arrhythmia and conduction disturbances during sleep in 400 patients with sleep apnea syndrome. Several other methodological issues should be borne in mind while interpreting our results. We defined prevalent CVD as a positive response to one or more of the aforementioned conditions or procedures. April 19 Pitcher Shane Komine, Fr. $150.00 + shipping . Central apneas were scored if airflow (detected by the thermocouple) was absent, or nearly absent, for 10 s or more, and there was no evidence of effort from both the abdominal and thoracic channels. Easton/Redline National Defensive Player of the Year. Of the three sleep variables, two were strongly correlated in the data set: the AHI and the hypoxemia index (rspearman = 0.73). Habitual snorers (subjects reporting snoring at least three nights per week) comprised 39% of the Sleep Heart Health Study cohort (versus 33% of the source population) due to self-selection and some intentional oversampling of habitual snorers from among the younger age group. Third, our ability to reliably identify arousals varied across sleep studies, accounting, in part, for moderate reliability of the arousal index, which, in turn, undermines the usefulness of a single night measurement of this variable. 2001 March 18 Pitcher Aaron Marsden, So. The shape of the dose–response curve is further elucidated in Figures 1A–1D, using restricted cubic spline regression models and adjusting for the full set of covariates. Our main results were consistent in two analytical models: a model with extensive covariate adjustment (and possibly overadjustment) and a parsimonious model, which excluded intermediaries on postulated causal pathways, such as hypertension and blood pressure. Prospective study of the association between sleep-disordered breathing and hypertension. A respiratory event (an apnea or a hypopnea) was defined as a decrease in airflow or chest wall movement to an amplitude that was smaller than approximately 25% (an apnea) or 70% (a hypopnea) of the baseline amplitude. An “unsure” response was allowed for each data item. Detailed protocols for these measurements are described in a manual of operation (23). May 8 Pitcher Shane Komine, So. The occurrence of sleep-disordered breathing among middle-aged adults. May 14 Pat Kelly, Freshman. May 20 Pitcher Aaron Marsden, Jr. 2004 Sleep- related breathing disorder is an independent risk factor for systemic hypertension. Pathophysiology of sleep apnea. Stroke volume and cardiac output decrease at termination of obstructive apneas. Finally, we fit restricted cubic spline regression models (28) to the AHI data with knots placed at AHI values of 0.2 (5th percentile), 1.3 (25th percentile), 4.4 (50th percentile), 11.0 (75th percentile), and 33.7 (95th percentile). By continuing to browse Next, we forced into the models the following covariates (presumed causes, or surrogates of causes, of CVD): age (continuous), race (three indicator variables), sex, smoking status (two indicator variables for three categories), number of cigarettes currently smoked per day (continuous), self-reported diabetes, self-reported hypertension, use of antihypertension medications, systolic blood pressure (continuous), body mass index (continuous), total cholesterol (continuous), and HDL cholesterol (continuous). The literature on polysomnographic indices of sleep-disordered breathing and stroke is sparse. May 24 Pitcher Justin Pekarek, Sr. 2005 FOR SALE - New Haven, CT - 2008 Saturn Sky Redline convertible with 19,800 miles in excellent shape. In 1998, the company entered the aftermarket bicycle component business. Speculations on the interaction between vascular disease and obstructive sleep apnea. Schroeder JS, Motta J, Guilleminault C. Hemodynamic studies in sleep apnea. Feb. 26 Player Jake Opitz, Jr. Technical details of the hook-up procedure, failure rates, scoring of the studies, quality assurance, and quality control are described elsewhere (23, 24). The remainder (i.e., a combination of “No” and “Unsure” responses to all of the items) were classified as unknown disease status and were considered missing in these analyses. Table 1 shows the distribution of covariates and prevalent CVD across the AHI quartiles. The following channels were recorded: electroencephalogram (C3/A1, C4/A2), electrooculogram (bilateral), electrocardiogram, chin electromyogram, oxyhemoglobin saturation (finger pulse oximetry), chest and abdominal excursion (inductance plethysmography), airflow (oronasal thermocouple), body position, and ambient light. Future analyses will consider whether different sets of sleep-disordered breathing variables better predict CVD in smaller subsets of the sample. Alternatively, failure to show escalating risk may be related to inherent limitations of commonly used polysomnographic variables, to uncertainty about whether the AHI captures the relevant pathogenetic factor, and to relative imprecision of the estimates at the right tail of the AHI distribution. favorite this post Oct 29 2002 Corvette Z06 May 13 Plsyer Jed Morris, Jr. 2003 These associations remained essentially unchanged after excluding 533 participants with a central apnea index ⩾ 1 (data not shown). The incidence and severity of obstructive sleep apnea in ischemic cerebrovascular disease [abstract]. April 20 Player Curtis Ledbetter, Jr. These findings are compatible with modest to moderate effects of sleep-disordered breathing on heterogeneous manifestations of CVD within a range of AHI values that are considered normal or only mildly elevated. The Sleep Heart Health Study (SHHS) acknowledges the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC), the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS), the Framingham Heart Study (FHS), the Cornell Worksite and Hypertension Studies, the Strong Heart Study (SHS), the Tucson Epidemiology Study of Airways Obstructive Diseases (TES), and the Tucson Health and Environment (H&E) Study for allowing their cohort members to be part of the SHHS. Reliability of scoring respiratory disturbance indices and sleep staging. April 23 Pitcher Tony Watson, Jr. 2008 Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome as a risk factor for hypertension: population study. Sleep apnea in patients with transient ischemic attack and stroke: a prospective study of 59 patients. 1989 Bully Bashguard 1986_redline_restorer 12 3. GT is a division of a Canadian conglomerate, Dorel Industries, which also markets Cannondale, Schwinn, Mongoose (company), IronHorse, DYNO, and RoadMaster bicycle brands; all manufactured in Asia. RELATIVE ODDS OF PREVALENT CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE ACCORDING TO QUARTILE OF SLEEP-DISORDERED BREATHING VARIABLES, ADJUSTED FOR SINGLE COVARIATES. Favorites: The Thin Red Line (1998), Aguirre, the Wrath of God (1972), Mad Max: Fury Road (2015), Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (1985). $999. March 4 Pitcher Jamie Rodrigue, Jr. It should be recalled, however, that inference on the dose–response pattern at the right tail (for example, AHI > 20) is based on limited amount of data. April 19 Player Ken Harvey, Jr. Solid thick line indicates the predicted log odds (a measure of risk); dashed lines are the 95% confidence intervals; and solid thin line indicates the number of participants at various AHI values (frequency distribution; right y-axis). Case-control studies: design, conduct, analysis. April 17 Player Dan Johnson, Jr. Right and left ventricular functional impairment and sleep apnea. March 24 Player Nick Sullivan, Jr. 2009 ADJUSTED* RELATIVE ODDS (95% CONFIDENCE INTERVAL) OF PREVALENT CORONARY HEART DISEASE, HEART FAILURE, OR STROKE, ACCORDING TO QUARTILE OF THE APNEA–HYPOPNEA INDEX. The adjusted relative odds from multivariable models are compatible with modest to moderate effects of sleep-disordered breathing on CVD manifestations within a range of the AHI that is typically considered “normal” or only mildly elevated (1–10 respiratory events per hour of sleep). The parsimonious model excluded from this list five variables: number of cigarettes smoked per day, self-reported hypertension, systolic blood pressure, use of antihypertensive medications, and body mass index. Prevalent coronary heart disease included 244 cases of myocardial infarction, 207 cases of both myocardial infarction and angina, 289 cases of angina but no myocardial infarction, and 98 cases of revascularization procedures alone. Augmented resting sympathetic activity in awake patients with obstructive sleep apnea. During the home visit, a study technician interviewed the participant according to a standardized questionnaire, collecting information on medical history and health-related characteristics. Mortality and apnea index in obstructive sleep apnea. Supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute through the following cooperative agreements: UO1HL53940 (University of Washington), UO1HL 53941 (Boston University), UO1HL53938 (University of Arizona), UO1HL53916 (University of California, Davis), UO1HL53934 (University of Minnesota), UO1HL 53931 (New York University), and UO1HL53937 (Johns Hopkins University). The median value of the AHI in the sample was 4.4 and the interquartile range (25th percentile to 75th percentile) was 1.3 to 11.0. April 6 Pitcher Zach Kroenke, So. 28 Player Brandon Buckman, Sr. Division of the upper AHI quartile at its median (AHI = 19) did not reveal further incremental risk of either coronary heart disease or heart failure at the tail of the distribution, but possibly modest incremental risk of stroke (adjusted relative odds of 1.80 for AHI > 19). Association of sleep apnoea with myocardial infarction in men. New York: Oxford University Press; 1982. p. 124–143. Seattle, WA: SHHS Coordinating Center; 1996. At any rate, the direction of the arrow of causation (which might be pointing in opposite directions in different individuals) can be determined only by analysis of incident CVD in the cohort in the coming years and repeated polysomnography after the occurrence of incident events. Chevy Silverado Redline Edition Emblem tailgate door Red line $30 (Montebello) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. Sleep apnea syndromes. Participants underwent a single night, unattended polysomnography at home, using a portable monitor (Compumedics P Series System; Abbotsford, Victoria, Australia). Eastern Bikes has 20+ years in the BMX bike industry creating complete bikes, frames, forks, tires and everything else to build a quality ride. Sc500 is Easton's designation for the alloy used for the aluminum shell in the Easton Redline.This is probably the most significant change in alloy design for a softball bat since the introduction of C405 back in 1996. Year: Player: Position: 1950: Bob Cerv: OF ... 1998: Bryan Schmidt: SS Matt Schuldt: SP Ken Harvey: DH 1999: Shane Komine: SP Jamal Strong: OF Jeff Hedman: DH 2000: Jamie Rodrigue: SP Will Bolt: 2B 2001: Jeff Blevins: 3B Adam Stern: OF The primary covariate with missing data was HDL cholesterol (n missing = 478). FOR SALE - Los Angeles, CA - EASTON LZ8-C Redline C-core C500 Youth League Baseball Bat 30" 18 OZ. The parsimonious model excluded from this list five variables: number of cigarettes smoked per day, self-reported hypertension, systolic blood pressure, use of antihypertensive medications, and body mass index. A qualifying event should have lasted at least 10 s and should have been associated with oxyhemoglobin desaturation of 4% or greater as compared with the baseline. The 25th, 50th, and 75th percentiles of the arousal index were 11.6, 16.6, and 23.6, respectively. The lower quartile (< 25th percentile) of the index distribution served as a reference category for the computation of the effect size. We offer a variety of resources to help you finance one of our new or used vehicles, including: easy application process, competitive rates for qualified buyers, first-time buyer programs, flexible payment terms, and winter layaway. 2000 1999 Ken Harvey (Winner) All-Americans. Disordered breathing and hypoxia during sleep in coronary artery disease. April 16 Pitcher Shane Komine, Jr. 2002 Bow Shop Bible. First, we carried out statistical tests for linear trends by modeling a four-level ordinal variable that took the value of the natural logarithm of the within quartile median, and computing a p value for the coefficient of that variable. Click to see any corrections or updates and to confirm this is the authentic version of record. In particular, both stroke and heart failure are assumed to be causes of central sleep apnea (43, 44). $13.56. Current smokers were asked to estimate the number of cigarettes they smoked per day. Excess risk of stroke in sleep apnea patients might be related not only to the associated hypertension but also to changes in cerebral blood flow (41). April 1 Pitcher Zach Kroenke, Fr. ... Easton, PA TDI '00 Jetta 5M-'04 JW A5 Jan 17, 2013 ... Redline Hex Pro BMX Grips 130mm with Plugs - Grey - 139708. Nonetheless, the adjusted relative odds still show departure from the null hypothesis (and sometimes “significant” departure), as well as a modest and significant linear component to the trend across quartiles I through IV. The median of the hypoxemia index was 0.26% of total sleep time and the 75th percentile was 2.2% of total sleep time. March 17 Player Todd Sears, Jr. 1. Nonetheless, obstructive sleep apnea appeared to be highly prevalent among patients with stroke or transient ischemic attacks (19, 33), and one case–control study (20) reported a positive association between hemispheric stroke and the AHI (measured after the stroke). First, if sleep-disordered breathing is not only a cause of CVD but also adversely affects survival once CVD has developed, the relative prevalence odds typically underestimate the causal parameter of interest (i.e., the relative incidence odds) due to prevalence–incidence (survival) bias (46). The y-axis in each graph is a measure of disease risk (quantified as the log of the prevalence odds), with larger values (smaller absolute values) indicating greater risk. ST-segment depression during sleep in obstructive sleep apnea. Nigel Alexander Dodds, Baron Dodds of Duncairn, OBE, PC (born 20 August 1958), is a Northern Irish barrister and unionist politician. Although the acute, unfavorable effects of sleep apnea on cardiovascular physiology have been well characterized, much less research has addressed questions of public health importance: is sleep-disordered breathing indeed a risk factor for symptomatic CVD and, if so, how strong is that effect? These models were also fit to three subcategories of CVD: prevalent coronary heart disease, prevalent heart failure, and prevalent stroke. The interviewer asked if a doctor had ever told the participant that she or he had angina, heart attack, heart failure, or stroke and if the participant ever underwent coronary bypass surgery or coronary angioplasty. Obstructive sleep apnea can cause pulmonary hypertension, thereby contributing to right ventricular failure, and might also aggravate left ventricular failure (40). Sleep and breathing. -12 , $35 RARE Fair condition Location: Glendale Price: $30 Associations were quantified by computing relative prevalence odds: the odds of prevalent CVD for a given category divided by the odds of prevalent CVD for the reference category. The unconditional confounding structure of the data set was examined by displaying proportions (categorical covariates) or mean values (continuous covariates) for each quartile. Available at the following URL: Kapen S, Goldberg J, Wynter J. Definition of abbreviation: HDL = high-density lipoprotein. Competing risks, such as the overall mortality risk of sleep apnea patients (47, 48), are expected to have a similar attenuating effect, and both sources of potential bias could also have obscured an escalating risk at the right tail of the AHI distribution. EEG arousals: scoring rules and examples. Sleep apnea in patients with acute myocardial infarction. March 7 Pitcher Joba Chamberlain, Jr. The primary sample for this analysis included 6,424 participants. Hypertension: population study ; 1994. p. 405–448 shows the distribution categorical analysis average the. Several other methodological issues should be noted, however, for significant incremental risk at the URL..., was not associated with acute and substantial cardiovascular stress ; 1993. p. 823–846 an independent risk factor systemic! Index with prevalent CVD they thank Lloyd E. Chambless and Peter Hannan for providing the macro codes for spline... 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