Margaret Stewart. Margaret Theresa was born on 12 July 1651 in Madrid as the first child of King Philip IV of Spain born from his second marriage with his niece Mariana of Austria. Without any political influence in the French court or government (except briefly in 1672, when she was named regent during her husband's absence during the Franco-Dutch War),[1] she died at the early age of 44 from complications from an abscess on her arm. [6] At the same time, Margaret was brought up in accordance with the strict etiquette of the Madrid court, and received a good education. [19], Despite the age difference, Leopold I's unattractive appearance and Margaret's health problems, according to contemporaries they had a happy marriage. Because of this avunculate marriage, Margaret's mother was nearly thirty years younger than her father. After spending almost all September in Milan, the Infanta continued the journey through Venice, arriving in early October in Trento. In 1658, as war with France began to wind down, a union between the royal families of Spain and France was proposed as a means to secure peace. (1924), Mémoires de la Société de l'histoire de Paris et de l'Île-de-France (in French), Société de l'histoire de Paris et de l'Ile-de-France (France), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Françoise-Athénaïs, Marquise de Montespan, Louise Marie Thérèse (The Black Nun of Moret), Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Marie-Thérèse d’Autriche in: www.chateauversailles.fr, Isabella Clara Eugenia, Co-sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands, Maria Christina, Princess of Transylvania, Maria Maddalena, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Eleanor, Queen of Poland, Duchess of Lorraine, Maria Anna Josepha, Electoral Princess of the Palatinate, Maria Clementina, Hereditary Princess of Naples, Margaretha Klementine, Princess of Thurn and Taxis, Princess Karoline Marie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Maria Henrietta, Princess of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Elisabeth Marie, Princess of Windisch-Graetz, Margarita, Marchioness Taliani di Marchio, María Antonia Fernanda, Queen of Sardinia, María Amalia, Infanta Antonio Pascual of Spain, María Luisa, Queen of Etruria and Duchess of Lucca, Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, María Cristina, Infanta Sebastian of Portugal and Spain, Amalia Filipina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria, María Luisa Carlota, Hereditary Princess of Saxony, Isabel, Princess of Asturias and Countess of Girgenti, María de la Paz, Princess Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria, Mercedes, Princess of Asturias and Princess Carlos of Bourbon-Two-Sicilies, María Teresa, Princess Ferdinand of Bavaria, Blanca, Archduchess Leopold Salvator of Austria-Tuscany, Maria de las Mercedes, Princess Irakli Bagration of Mukhrani, Infanta Pilar, Duchess of Badajoz and Viscountess of La Torre, Infanta Margarita, Duchess of Soria and Hernani, Infanta Isabel, Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Spain, Infanta Maria, Lady of Meneses and Orduña, Infanta Beatriz, Countess of Alburquerque, Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal and Asturias, Mariana Victoria, Infanta Gabriel of Spain, Maria Francisca, Infanta Carlos María Isidro of Spain, Infanta Maria das Neves, Duchess of San Jaime, Maria Teresa, Archduchess Karl Ludwig of Austria, Maria José, Duchess Karl-Theodor in Bavaria, Maria Teresa, Princess Karl Ludwig of Thurn und Taxis, Isabel Maria, Princess of Thurn und Taxis, Maria Ana, Princess Karl August of Thurn und Taxis, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maria_Theresa_of_Spain&oldid=986536135, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2011, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dauphin of France from 1661–1711. Margaret passed away of cause of death on month day 1673, at age 21 at death place. Charles II of Spain was just 38 years old when he died on November 1, 1700. Margaret died in London following a stroke on February 9, 2002. At first the proposals were for Maria Theresa, the eldest daughter of Philip IV, to marry the heir of the Holy Roman Empire, Archduke Leopold Ignaz. English: Marie Thérèse of Austria, Archduchess of Austria, Infanta of Spain, Infanta of Portugal (María Teresa; 10 September 1638 – 30 July 1683) was the daughter of Philip IV, King of Spain and Elisabeth of France. On 8 October the Spanish retinue arrived at the city of Roveredo, where the head of Margaret's cortege, Francisco Fernández de la Cueva, 8th Duke of Alburquerque officially handed the Infanta to Ferdinand Joseph, Prince of Dietrichstein and Count Ernst Adalbert von Harrach, Prince-Bishop of Trento, representants of Leopold I. During her childhood she was once seriously ill, but survived. One was Charles II. When Maria Theresa's brother Balthasar Charles died in 1646, she became heir presumptive to the vast Spanish Empire and remained such until the birth of her brother Philip Prospero, in 1657. He succeeded his father, Philip III of Spain, in 1621, and, for the first 22 years of his reign, Philip’s valido, or chief minister, was the Conde-Duque de Olivares, who took the spread Return to Spain. Margaret of Burgundy, Dauphine of France. Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Parma, the cousin of Spain’s King Felipe IV, has become the first royal to die of the novel coronavirus. Maria Anna bore him five children, but only two survived to adulthood, a daughter Margarita Teresa, born in 1651, and the future Carlos II of Spain in 1661 – but the latter was sickly and considered in frequent danger of dying, making the line of inheritance potentially uncertain. After several ill-fated attempts at childbirth, including two miscarriages, Margaret developed bronchitis while pregnant for the seventh time. The poet Boris Pasternak mentions it in a poem of 1923 "Butterfly Storm", in which she appears to him as a vision during a thunderstorm in Moscow. [1][2], The marriage of her parents was purely made for political reasons, mainly the search for a new male heir for the Spanish throne after the early death of Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias in 1646. Part I. Archduchess Maria-Anna (December 24, 1634 – May 16, 1696) was Queen of Spain from 1649 until her husband and uncle, Felipe IV, died in 1665. [21], Even after her marriage, Margaret kept her Spanish customs and ways. Maria Theresa of Savoy. [4] Her father and the entire Spanish court accompanied the bride to the Isle of Pheasants on the border in the Bidassoa river, where Louis and his court met her in the meeting on the Isle of Pheasants on 7 June 1660, and she entered France. Margaret of Burgundy. Upon her death, Louis XIV said: "This is the first chagrin she has ever given me."[13]. Consequently, she was viewed as not fully playing the part of queen designated to her by her marriage. Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain. 24 December 1634) Children: Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias John of Austria the Younger (illegitimate but acknowledged) Maria Theresa of Spain (b. Born: 8-Apr - 1605. The first time Maria Theresa ever saw the Palace of Versailles was on 25 October 1660. Maria Adelaide of Savoy. Died: 17-Sep - 1665. Because of this avunculate marriage, Margaret's mother was nearly thirty years younger than her father. She died a painful death on 30 July 1683, at Versailles. [34] One of the last portraits of Margaret is the "Portrait of Empress Margarita Teresa and her daughter Maria Antonia" (1671) by Benjamin Block, currently in the Hofburg Palace, where she is depicted with her only surviving child. At first she resisted the king's advances and encouraged him to bestow more attention on his long-neglected wife, a thoughtfulness which Maria Theresa repaid with warmth toward the new favourite. The marriage was agreed upon only after intense Imperial diplomacy efforts. The death of her mother in 1644 and the loss of her older brother in 1646 follow… During the Corpus Christi celebration of 1670, the Emperor ordered the destruction of the Vienna synagogue and a church was built on the site on his orders. Back in Versailles, the queen fell ill and died suddenly from complications related to an abscess. She married Wilhelm von Jülich-Kleve-Berg (1516-1592) 18 July 1546 JL . The Emperor ordered the construction of an open-air theatre near the present Burggarten, with a capacity of 5,000 people. The Empress always called her husband "Uncle" (de: Onkel), and he called her "Gretl". She grew up in the Queen's chambers in the Royal Alcazar of Madrid surrounded by many maids and servants. She continued to spend much of her free time playing cards and gambling, as she had no interest in politics or literature. Margaret of Provence. [25], The most famous painting by Velazquez in the series of portraits of the Infanta was Las Meninas (1656), currently in the Museo del Prado in Madrid. As it turned out, Spain, impoverished and bankrupt after decades of war, was unable to pay such a dowry, and France never received the agreed upon sum of 500,000 écus. She was known in Spain as María Teresa de Austria and in France as Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche. Margaret Theresa of Spain (Spanish: Margarita Teresa, German: Margarete Theresia; 12 July 1651 – 12 March 1673) was, by marriage to Leopold I, Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia. May 16, 1696: Death of Maria-Anna, Queen Consort of Spain and Portugal, Regent of Spain. The marriage contract was signed on 18 December. Maria Fortunata d’Este. Margaret Theresa of Spain English: Margarita Teresa of Spain (1651-1673) was Infanta of Spain and - as wife of Leopold I - Holy Roman Empress. [11], In October 1662, the new Imperial ambassador in the Spanish Kingdom, Count Francis Eusebius of Pötting, began one of his main diplomatic assignments, which was the celebration of the marriage between the Infanta and the Emperor. They were married on October 7, 1649. Spanish procrastination led to a scheme in which France's prime minister, Cardinal Mazarin, pretended to seek a marriage for his master with Margaret Yolande of Savoy. As time passed, Maria Theresa also came to tolerate her husband's prolonged infidelity with Françoise-Athénaïs, Marquise de Montespan. She settled in the Convent of Las Descalzas Reales in Madrid, where she lived until her death … Cause of death: unspecified. [24] In the last paintings of the 8-year-old Infanta made by Velázquez, a more mature and formal attitude of Margaret can be seen, due to her upcoming marriage to the Emperor. The cortege left Finale on 1 September and arrived in Milan ten days later, although the official entry was not celebrated until 15 September. [5] After the wedding, Louis wanted to consummate the marriage as quickly as possible. Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily. [4] According to contemporaries, Margaret had an attractive appearance and lively character. Three died in infancy. [10] The count of Fuensaldaña, Spanish ambassador in France, suggested the infanta as a possible bride for King Charles II of England. In his private letters King Philip IV called her "my joy". [2] When Philip IV of Spain heard of a meeting at Lyon between the Houses of France and Savoy in November 1658, he reputedly exclaimed of the Franco-Savoyard union that "it cannot be, and will not be". She was briefly heir presumptive once more between 1–6 November 1661, following the death of Prince Philip and until the birth of Prince Charles, who would later inherit the thrones of Spain as Charles II. Race or Ethnicity: White. Eager to prevent a union of the two countries or crowns, especially one in which Spain would be subservient to France, the diplomats sought to include a renunciation clause that would deprive Maria Theresa and her children of any rights to the Spanish succession. Magosci, Paul Robert, ´´Historical Atlas of Central Europe (History of East Central Europe, Vol. She was then appointed regent for their three-year-old son Carlos II, and due to his ill health remained an influential figure until her own death in 1696. One daughter, Margaret Theresa, married the Holy Roman Emperor, to whom she was related on both sides, and produced several children who died in infancy as well as many miscarriages. At every stop Margaret received celebrations in her honor. She was buried in the Imperial Crypt, in Vienna. Maria Teresa of Modena. [6] The new queen's mother-in-law (and aunt) arranged a private consummation instead of the public one that was the custom. One of her younger grandsons eventually inherited her claim to the Spanish throne to become King Philip V of Spain in 1700. She was known as Queen Margot. [20] The couple had many common interests, especially in art and music. For Margaret's birthday in July 1668, the theatre hosted the premiere of the opera Il pomo d'oro (The Golden Apple). It is likely that the cause of Teresa Margaret’s death was a strangulated hernia. She is surrounded by her maids of honor and other courtiers, but her eyes are riveted to her parents, whose reflection is visible in the mirror on the wall. The negotiations for the marriage contract were intense. Maria Theresa’s (known later in France as Marie) childhood was marred by tragedy. The union was needed to strengthen the position of both countries, especially against the Kingdom of France. Sexual orientation: Straight. Before the official wedding ceremony (which, according to custom, had to take place in Vienna) another portrait of the Infanta was sent, in order for the Emperor to know his bride. Maria of Spain had great influence over her sons, the future emperors Rudolf and Matthias. As a member of the House of Austria, Maria Theresa was entitled to use the title Archduchess of Austria. [13] On 6 April 1663, the betrothal between Margaret and Leopold I was finally announced. In it, the artist painted the 5-year-old Infanta in his studio while working on a portrait of her parents. Olivan Santaliestra 2014, pp. Her maternal grandparents were Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Infanta Maria Anna of Spain, the daughter of her paternal grandparents. 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