King Alfonso XIII was born on May 17, 1886. The Spanish Flu subsequently became front page news in 1918 – … The posthumous son of Alfonso XII, Alfonso XIII was immediately proclaimed king under the regency of his mother, María Cristina. By directly associating himself with the overthrow of the parliamentary regime, however, and linking his fortunes to the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, Alfonso jeopardized the existence of the Spanish monarchy. In addition, within the context of the post-Napoleonic restorations and revolutions which engulfed the West both in Europe and the Americas, both the Carlistas and the Isabelino conservatives were opposed to the new Napoleonic constitutional system. [2], In November 1885, Alfonso died, just short of his 28th birthday, at the Royal Palace of El Pardo near Madrid. Alfonso XII, 1857–85, king of Spain (1874–85), son of Isabella II Isabella II, 1830–1904, queen of Spain (1833–68), daughter of Ferdinand VII and of Maria Christina. Because his father died before he was born he was considered King of Spain from the moment he was born. The three of them were related, but each had different feelings towards issues and dealt with them inversely. Spain remained neutral during World War I. Alfonso XIII of Spain, also known as El Africano, was the King of Spain from his birth in 1886 until the establishment of the Second Republic in 1931. The earliest illustration we found is a cartoon from around 1898 with possibly his mother in the front (tue-belle-mère) seat of a quadricycle. The supporters of the Count of Molina as king of Spain rose to have him enthroned. In 1906, Alfonso married Princess Victoria Eugénie of Battenberg, granddaughter of Queen Victoria of Great Britain. See more ideas about Spain history, Spanish royalty, Royal queen. Although his conduct during World War I was irreproachable (he observed a scrupulous neutrality and rendered great service to humanitarian causes), in the postwar period he began to move toward a system of more personal rule, even seeking a means to rid himself of the legislature. Upon the consequent resignation of Canovas del Castillo, he summoned Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, the Liberal leader, to form a new cabinet. Alfonso's short reign established the foundations for the final socioeconomic recuperation of Spain after the 1808–1874 crisis. Born in the Saint Anna Clinic in Rome, the elder son of Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia, King Alfonso… During his short reign, peace was established both at home and abroad, finances were well regulated, and the various administrative services were placed on a basis that afterwards enabled Spain to pass through the disastrous war with the United States without the threat of a revolution. His mother, Maria Christina of Austria, served as his regent until his 16th bi… Alfonso XIII (1886-1941) was king of Spain from 1886 to 1931. Alfonso XII, (born November 28, 1857, Madrid, Spain—died November 25, 1885, Madrid), Spanish king whose short reign (1874–85) gave rise to hopes for a stable constitutional monarchy in Spain. He reacted early against the boredom of court life and began his lifelong attachment to the Spanish army. Alfonso XIII (1886-1941) was king of Spain from 1886 to 1931. Turnismo would be endorsed in the Constitution of 1876 and the Pact of Pardo Palace (1885). Officially, his father was her husband, King Francisco de Asís. Alfonso was born in Madrid as the eldest son of Queen Isabella II. [2] The 29 December 1874 military coup of Gen. Martinez Campos in Sagunto ended the failed republic and meant the rise of the young Prince Alfonso. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Restaurationist constitution of 1876 was expected to bring endemic antagonism between military and civilian powers to an end. Alfonso XIII, 1886–1941, king of Spain (1886–1931), posthumous son and successor of Alfonso XII. His troubled reign was characterized by violent class conflict, political instability, and dictatorship. Alfonso had two sons by Elena Armanda Nicolasa Sanz y Martínez de Arizala (15 December 1849, in Castellón de la Plana – 24 December 1898, in Paris): In 1881 Alfonso refused to sanction a law by which the ministers were to remain in office for a fixed term of 18 months. This led to the end of the Carlist revolts and the victory over the New York-backed Cuban revolutionaries, and led to a huge backing both by insular and peninsular Spaniards of Alfonso as a wise and able king. In 1876, a vigorous campaign against the Carlists, in which the young king took part, resulted in the defeat of Don Carlos and the Duke's abandonment of the struggle.[2]. After a revolution that deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France. As having Alfonso in Spain would be a problem, Cánovas became responsible for his education. Alfonso XIII, the King of Spain, ruled a socially divided country with most of its close to 20,000,000 citizens impoverished because of the lack of trade and supplies that resulted from World War I. At the end of 1874, Brigadier Martínez Campos, who had long been working more or less openly for the king, led some battalions of the central army to Sagunto, rallied to his own flag the troops sent against him, and entered Valencia in the king's name. His mother, Maria Christina of Austria raised him and his two older sisters, acting as Regent. As the end of the war approached in 1918, the country faced a difficult social and political situation. Some of the most noteworthy events have happened under the reign of kings Alfonso XII, Alfonso XIII, and Juan Carlos. Spanish Monarch. Alfonso XIII, (born May 17, 1886, Madrid, Spain—died February 28, 1941, Rome, Italy), Spanish king (1902–31) who by authorizing a military dictatorship hastened his own deposition by advocates of the Second Republic. Alfonso’s popularity also suffered, and the notorious attempt on his life and that of his bride, Victoria Eugenia of Battenberg, on their wedding day (May 31, 1906) was followed by a constant succession of plots to assassinate him. The new system entailed a commitment between the monarch and two political parties (Conservatives and Liberals). His mother's accession created the second cause of instability, which was the Carlist Wars. Alfonso XIII of Spain A motoring man of the earliest days, King Alfonso XIII of Spain was clearly not one to be chauffeured, as in many pictures he is behind the wheel himself. Alfonso was born in Madrid, posthumously born son of Alfonso XII of Spain, and became King of Spain upon his birth. Alfonso XIII was King of Spain from 1886 until the proclamation of the Second Republic in 1931. Alfonso XII (born Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo) (Madrid, 28 November 1857 – El Pardo, 25 November 1885) was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885, after a coup d'état restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic. King Alfonso XIII of Spain. His troubled reign was characterized by violent class conflict, political instability, and dictatorship. The Spanish monarch King Alfonso XIII was one of the first victims of the pandemic. Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 1857 – 25 November 1885), also known as El Pacificador or the Peacemaker, was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885.After a revolution that deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France. He had been suffering from tuberculosis, but the immediate cause of his death was a recurrence of dysentery.[3]. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. On 23 January 1878 at the Basilica of Atocha in Madrid, Alfonso married his first cousin, Princess Maria de las Mercedes, but she died within six months of the marriage. Cánovas was the real architect of the new regime of the Restoration. Alfonso XIII (Spanish: Alfonso León Fernando María Jaime Isidro Pascual Antonio de Borbón y Habsburgo-Lorena; 17 May 1886 – 28 February 1941) was King of Spain from 1886 until the proclamation of the Second Republic in 1931. The first act of President Estanislao Figueras was to extend the Abolition Act to Puerto Rico. Alfonso was born in Madrid, posthumously born son of Alfonso XII of Spain, and became King of Spain upon his birth.The French newspaper Le Figaro described the young king as "the happiest and best-loved of all the rulers of the earth". Equivalent USD: 100.00 Food & Beverage credit to be utilized during stay (not combinable, no cash value if not redeemed in full) Only valid at Restaurant San Fernando Corrections? Alfonso died aged 27 in 1885, and was succeeded by his son, Alfonso XIII, who was born the following year. Alfonso XIII, 1886–1941, king of Spain (1886–1931), posthumous son and successor of Alfonso XII. It was drafted in reply to a birthday greeting from his followers, a manifesto proclaiming himself the sole representative of the Spanish monarchy. Alfonso was born in Madrid on 17 May 1886. Her u In 1902, his widow Maria Cristina initiated a national contest to build a monument in memory of Alfonso. In 1902, on his 16th birthday, he assumed full authority as king. Updates? When Queen Isabella II and her husband were forced to leave Spain by the Revolution of 1868, Alfonso accompanied them to Paris. Benevolent and sympathetic in disposition, he won the affection of his people by fearlessly visiting districts ravaged by cholera or devastated by earthquake in 1885. Alfonso was born in Madrid on May 17, 1886, 6 months after the death of his father, King Alfonso XII. He had a weak constitution as a child, but at 16, took the throne, on 17 May 1902. He married Scottish-Born Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, who was the niece of King Edward VII … [2], On 29 November 1879 at the Basilica of Atocha in Madrid, Alfonso married a much more distant relative, Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria. To date, he is the last monarch of Spain to have died whilst on the throne. His capacity for dealing with men was considerable, and he never allowed himself to become the instrument of any particular party. And his two sisters of many accomplishments as well as failures between and. 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